Tyrion Lannister: "Forgive me, I don't see Prince Doran in your company?"
Lord Blackmont: "The Prince's health forces him to remain at Sunspear. He sends his brother, Prince Oberyn, to attend the royal wedding in his stead."
— Lord Blackmont explains that Prince Doran remains in Dorne's capital.
Sunspear is the capital of Dorne, southernmost of the Seven Kingdoms, located in the far southeast of the continent on the Summer Sea. It consists of a strong, fortified castle and a town that sprawls around it. It is a town built largely of mud and straw. The town's largest structure is Spear Tower, a 150-feet structure with a pinnacle of shining steel.
The castle was the seat of House Martell, Princes of Dorne, until the family was legally wiped out by Ellaria Sand and the three eldest Sand Snakes, who seized power through a coup. With the latter dead and the former imprisoned for life in King's Landing following a naval assault, the castle's ownership is uncertain.
In the books
In the A Song of Ice and Fire novels, Sunspear is the principal stronghold of House Martell. It is located on the far-eastern coast of Dorne and consists of two strong towers, the Spear Tower and the Tower of the Sun, the latter of which contains the Prince of Dorne's throne room. The castle walls are sand-colored, setting it apart from the other major castles of Westeros.
Sunspear is surrounded by the shadow town, which consists of shops, markets and bazaars. The town is also walled, though more buildings - mostly mud-brick hovels - stretch beyond it. The castle and town also have a modest harbor. Areo Hotah, who is from the Free Cities, notes that the town around Sunspear isn't really large enough to be considered a true "city" on the scale of Norvos, Pentos, or King's Landing, but it is still the largest settlement in Dorne.
Notable residents of the castle
A Feast for Crows
Princess Myrcella Baratheon, ward of Prince Doran Martell and betrothed to Prince Trystane Martell, has quarters in the Tower of the Sun.
Following the death of his brother, Prince Oberyn, at the hands of Ser Gregor Clegane in King's Landing, Prince Doran Martell orders Areo Hotah to round up the Sand Snakes, with the older sisters confined in the Spear Tower and the younger ones at the Water Gardens. Sarella remains outside of Dorne, however.
After plotting to crown Myrcella as queen, Princess Arianne Martell is imprisoned for some time within the Spear Tower.
A Dance with Dragons
Doran releases Arianne and the older Sand Snakes from the Spear Tower. Ser Balon Swann brings the Mountain's skull to the court of Doran in Sunspear.
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