"The Reach is aptly named. We're the ones who give your hand something to do at the table. As the most fertile region of the Seven Kingdoms, we grow the lion's share of the grains and fruit that feed this country."
The Reach is one of the administrative regions of the Seven Kingdoms, and was formerly a sovereign nation known as the Kingdom of the Reach before the Targaryen conquest. Geographically, it is one of the larger regions of the Seven Kingdoms, ranking as the second largest in area, behind only the vastness of the North. It has been ruled by House Tyrell since the Conquest, and earlier than that by the Kings of House Gardener.
It is the most fertile part of Westeros, blessed with vast, blooming fields of crops and flowers, and numerous and well-populated villages and towns; it traditionally helps supply other less fertile parts of the Seven Kingdoms (most notably King's Landing) with grain, fruit, wine and livestock. The Reach is also the most heavily-populated part of Westeros and is one of the richest, second only to the Westerlands, ruled by House Lannister. However this claim is suggested to be rather outdated as Lannister gold mines—the source of their wealth—have dried out, and have been weakened by the War of the Five Kings, thus making the Reach actually the wealthiest region. Due to this, the Tyrells could traditionally field the largest army in the Seven Kingdoms, almost as large as the armies from two of the other populous kingdoms combined. This vast supply of manpower, land, and food production gives the Reach enormous strategic value during the War of the Five Kings.
The Reach withdrew from the sovereignty of the Iron Throne due to the deaths of virtually all its liege lords in the destruction of the Great Sept of Baelor, an act perpetrated by Cersei Lannister, who quickly became Queen due to the resulting suicide of King Tommen Baratheon.
The Reach was ruled from the castle of Highgarden by House Tyrell until the castle was sacked by Lannister and rebel forces in the Sack of Highgarden.
After the battle and the ultimate death of Lady Olenna Tyrell, House Tarly was made Warden of the South for its betrayal of its liege lords for what Jaime Lannister had described as allying with "foreign barbarians and eunuchs." Thus the Reach was presumably briefly controlled by the Lannister-Tarly houses, before their host was smashed in the Battle of the Goldroad, leaving the region in an ambiguous status and likely a power vacuum. Before their defeat at the Goldroad, the Lannister-Tarly alliance had the time to plunder supplies from throughout the Reach. These were completely destroyed during battle, meaning that this normally fertile, breadbasket region could face famine in the coming winter.
With the death of the Tarly line, leadership of the Reach is most likely under dispute between forces loyal to Houses Lannister or Targaryen.
Bastards born in the Reach are given the surname Flowers. People of the Reach are collectively known as Reachmen.
The Reach is watered by the immense River Mander and its many tributaries. The borders of the Reach are held as the Sunset Sea to the west and southwest, the Red Mountains of Dorne to the southeast, the hills of the Westerlands to the northwest and the Blackwater Rush to the far northeast. The northern Red Mountains also form the Reach's border with the Stormlands: known as the Dornish Marches, and currently possessed by the Stormlands, these rugged mountains have for centuries been the site of shifting border wars between the Reach, the Stormlands, and Dorne.
All told, the Reach borders five other regions of the Seven Kingdoms, six if the ocean border with the Iron Islands is counted (in past centuries, the ironborn have indeed raided the coasts of the Reach). Thus the Reach matches the Riverlands in the number of regions it borders, though the mountain borders to the northwest and southeast, as well as ocean borders, make it somewhat more defensible than the Riverlands. The regions that the Reach borders, clockwise from northwest to southeast, are the Westerlands, the Riverlands, the Crownlands, the Stormlands, and Dorne.
The large island of the Arbor, located off the southwest shore, is a major subsection of the Reach, famed for its warm vineyards and central place in the wine industry.
The Reach is linked to the capital at King's Landing by the Roseroad. The Searoad links the Reach to the Lannister seat in the Westerlands, Casterly Rock and the adjoining city of Lannisport.
Castles and Cities
-Highgarden, the seat of House Tyrell and the regional capital. Located on the Mander where it crosses the Roseroad.
-Brightwater Keep, the seat of House Florent. Located west of Highgarden near the headwaters of the Honeywine River.
-Bitterbridge, a castle in the northeast of the region where the Mander first crosses the Roseroad.
-Grassy Vale, a holdfast on the Blueburn river near the border with the Stormlands.
-Long Table, a holdfast at the meeting of the Mander and the Blueburn.
-Cider Hall, the seat of House Fossoway. A holdfast at the meeting of the Mander and Cockleswhent.
-Goldengrove, a holdfast north of Highgarden.
-Red Lake, a holdfast northwest of Highgarden near the border with the Westerlands.
-Old Oak, the seat of House Oakheart. A holdfast northwest of Highgarden on the Searoad near the border with the Westerlands.
-Horn Hill, the seat of House Tarly. Located southeast of Highgarden.
-Uplands, a holdfast south of Highgarden and west of Oldtown.
-Honeyholt, the seat of House Beesbury. A holdfast between Oldtown and Brightwater Keep.
-Sun House, the seat of House Cuy. A holdfast on the southern coast of the region.
-Three Towers, a holdfast southwest of Highgarden and Oldtown.
-Blackcrown, the seat of House Bulwer, a holdfast southwest of Highgarden and Oldtown.
-Bandallon, a holdfast west of Brightwater Keep.
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